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養老院資訊
陳新光:努力走出一條中國特色應對人口老齡化的道路
發布時間:2020-12-11 14:26:41
 
 
來源: 中國日報網
作者: 陳新光  
 

       RENKOULAOLINGHUASHISHEHUIFAZHANDEZHONGYAOQUSHI,YESHIJINHOUJIAOCHANGYIDUANSHIQIWOGUODEJIBENGUOQING。RENKOULAOLINGHUADUIJINGJIYUNXINGQUANLINGYU、SHEHUIJIANSHEGEHUANJIE、SHEHUIWENHUADUOFANGMIANNAIZHIGUOJIAZONGHESHILIHEGUOJIJINGZHENGLI,DOUJUYOUSHENYUANYINGXIANG,TIAOZHANYUJIYUBINGCUN。WEIJIJIYINGDUIRENKOULAOLINGHUA,2019NIAN11YUE,ZHONGGONGZHONGYANG、GUOWUYUANYINFALE《GUOJIAJIJIYINGDUIRENKOULAOLINGHUAZHONGCHANGQIGUIHUA》(YIXIAJIANCHENG《GUIHUA》),ZHESHIDAOBENSHIJIZHONGXIEWOGUOJIJIYINGDUIRENKOULAOLINGHUADEZHANLVEXING、ZONGHEXING、ZHIDAOXINGWENJIAN。

 

  未來較長時期,中國老齡化程度持續加深

  WOGUOZI20SHIJIMOJINRULAOLINGHUASHEHUIYILAI,LAONIANRENKOUSHULIANGHEZHANZONGRENKOUDEBIZHONGCHIXUZENGCHANG,2000NIANZHI2019NIAN,60SUIJIYISHANGLAONIANRENKOUCONG1.26YIRENZENGJIADAO2.5YIREN,LAONIANRENKOUZHANZONGRENKOUDEBIZHONGCONG10.2%SHANGSHENGZHI17.9%。ZAIZHE2.5YILAONIANRENKOUZHONG,75%DELAONIANRENHUANYOUYIZHONGYISHANGMANXINGBING,SHINENGHEBUFENSHINENGLAONIANRENYUE4000WAN。ZHEXIEWENTIBUJINYANZHONGYINGXIANGLELAONIANRENDESHENGHUOZHILIANG,YEGEIJIATINGHESHEHUIDAILAICHENZHONGFUDAN。YUJIWEILAIYIDUANSHIJIAN,LAOLINGHUACHENGDUHUANJIANGCHIXUJIASHEN。

  DANGQIAN,WOGUOLAONIANRENKOUZONGTICHENGXIANJISHUDA、BILIGAO、ZENGCHANGKUAI、KONGCHAODUODENGTEDIAN,YANGLAOFUWUXUQIUBUDUANZENGCHANG,CHULE“CHIBAOCHUANNUAN”DEJIBENSHENGHUOXUQIUWAI,BUTONGJIECENG、BUTONGDIQU、BUTONGJIATINGJIEGOUDELAORENYANGLAOXUQIUYERIQUDUOYANGHUA,JINJINYIKAOZHENGFUDELILIANGWUFAMANZU。WEICI,YAOJIANGJIJIYINGDUIRENKOULAOLINGHUAKANZUOSHISHIWEIHUGUOJIAANQUANHESHEHUIHEXIEWENDINGDEZHONGYAOJUCUO,BIXUYOUXIAOFANGFANHEHUAJIERENKOULAOLINGHUADAILAIDESHEHUIWENDINGFENGXIANHEGUOJIAANQUANFENGXIAN,CAINENGQUEBAOZHONGHUAMINZUSHIDAIYONGXUFAZHAN、SHIZHONGYILIYUSHIJIEMINZUZHILIN。

 

  我國養老服務供給與結構矛盾凸顯

  DANGXIA,WOGUOJUJIA、SHEQUYANGLAOFUWUGONGGEINENGLIBUZU,YANGLAOJIGOUFUWUGONGGEIZONGLIANGDUANQUEYUJIEGOUMAODUNBINGCUN。ZHUYAOCUNZAIDEWENTIYOU:YISHIHENDUOYANGLAOJIGOUTIGONGDEFUWUNANYIMANZULAONIANRENXUQIU。ZHIJIEDAOZHISHIXIANXIANGZHENGEJIDOUYOUDALIANGYANGLAOJIGOUCUNZAIKONGZHILVJIAOGAOQINGKUANG,JIYIBIANSHIYANGLAOXUQIUWANGSHENG,YIBIANSHIYANGLAOJIGOUKONGZHI;ERSHILAONIANYIYANGJIEHEDEYILIAOWEISHENGFUWUTIXISHANGBUWANSHAN。ZAILINCHUANGSHANG,BUSHAOJIANKANGZHIBIAODE“ZHENGCHANGZHI”SHIZHENDUIZHENGTIRENQUNDE,MEIYOUKAOLVDAOLAONIANRENDETESHUXING,QUEFAZHENDUIBUTONGNIANLINGDUANLAONIANRENKOUDEXIFENHUAJIANKANGZHIBIAO。YOUQISHISHEQUYIYUANCUNZAIYIXIEBORUOHUANJIE,YILIAOFUWUTIXICHENGXIANSUIPIANHUATEDIAN,SHANGQUEFAQUANGUOLAONIANRENKOUJIANKANGZHUANGKUANG、SHENGLIZHIBIAO、MANXINGJIBINGDENGXINXIDEDASHUJUKU;SANSHIGEDIQUDEZONGHEYIYUANHESHEQUYIYUANZHIJIANQUEFALIANDONG,LAONIANRENZAIDAYIYUANKANWANBINGHOU,WUFAZAISHEQUDEDAOLIANXUXINGDEZHILIAOHEZHAOHU;SISHILAONIANYIXUEFAZHANMINGXIANZHIHOU,CUNZAIDUANBAN。HENDUOYIYUANZHIJINRENGYIZHUANKEZHILIAOWEIZHU,MEIYOUBALAONIANRENDANGCHENGYIGEZHENGTILAIZHILIAO。

  WEIDUICHONGRENKOULAOLINGHUADAILAIDEBULIYINGXIANG,WOGUOYIJIANG“JIANKANGZHONGGUO”SHANGSHENGWEIGUOJIAZHANLVE,QUANMIANJIANLIJIANQUANYANGLAODENGLINGYUYIXILIEFALVFAGUI、GUIHUAHEZHENGCETIXI,YANGLAOFUWUZAIDANGHEGUOJIAGONGZUODAJUZHONGDEDIWEIHEZUOYONGGENGJIATUCHU。DANGQIAN,WOGUOYANGLAOFUWUFALVZHIDUKUANGJIAYIJIBENJIANCHENG。LAONIANRENQUANYIBAOZHANGFAYIWANCHENGXIUDING,MINGQUEQUXIAOYANGLAOJIGOUSHELIXUKE,QIANGHUALEYANGLAOFUWUZONGHEJIANGUAN。XIANHOUCHUTAILEQUANMIANFANGKAIYANGLAOFUWUSHICHANG、TUIJINYANGLAOFUWUFAZHAN、CUJINYANGLAOFUWUXIAOFEIDENG6XIANGZONGHEXINGZHENGCE。MUQIAN,YICHUBUQUELILEYIFALVWEIGANGLING、GUOWUYUANZHENGCEWENJIANWEIJICHU、BUMENZHUANXIANGZHENGCEHEBIAOZHUNWEIZHICHENG,YIJUJIAWEIJICHU、SHEQUWEIYITUO、JIGOUWEIBUCHONG、YIYANGXIANGJIEHEDEYANGLAOFUWUZHIDUTIXI。WEIXINSHIDAIYANGLAOFUWUFAZHANTIGONGLEFAZHIBAOZHANG、GUIHUAZHIYIN、JISHUZHICHENG。TONGSHI,HUANJIANLILEYANGLAOFUWUBUJILIANXIHUIYI,ZAIQUANGUOXINGCHENGLEYANGLAOFUWUDEHELI。

 

  積極應對養老服務需求,國家制定重大政策

  GUOJIAMINZHENGBUSHUJUXIANSHI:JIEZHI2019NIANDI,QUANGUOYIYOUGELEIYANGLAOJIGOUHESHESHI20.4WANGE,YANGLAOCHUANGWEIHEJI775.0WANZHANG,BISHANGNIANZENGCHANG6.6%,MEIQIANMINGLAONIANRENYONGYOUYANGLAOCHUANGWEI30.5ZHANG。“SHISANWU”SHIQI,WOGUOYANGLAOFUWUQUANMIANKUAISUFAZHAN,SHIXIANZHONGDAZHUANXINGFAZHAN,ZAIJICHUJIANSHE、GONGNENGFAHUIHEFUWUCHENGXIAOSHANGJUNQUDEZHONGDAJINZHAN,YANGLAOFUWUGONGZUOSUIRANQUDEYIXIECHENGJI,DANYURENKOULAOLINGHUAFAZHANXINGSHI、YANGLAOFUWUXUQIUXIANGBI,WOGUOYANGLAOFUWUFAZHANHUANCUNZAIZHULIFAHEDINGCENGSHEJISHANGBUWANSHAN、GONGGEITIXIBUGOUXIEDIAO、TOURUBAOZHANGYOUDAIJIAQIANG、JIANGUANTIXIBUGOUWANSHAN、RENCAIYUJISHUZHICHENGBUZUDENGWENTI。

  GENJU《GUIHUA》,WOGUOJIJIYINGDUIRENKOULAOLINGHUADEZHANLVEZONGMUBIAOSHI:JIJIYINGDUIRENKOULAOLINGHUADEZHIDUJICHUCHIXUGONGGU,CAIFUCHUBEIRIYICHONGPEI,RENLIZIBENBUDUANTISHENG,KEJIZHICHENGGENGJIAYOULI,CHANPINHEFUWUFENGFUYOUZHI,SHEHUIHUANJINGYIJUYOUHAO,JINGJISHEHUIFAZHANSHIZHONGYURENKOULAOLINGHUAJINCHENGXIANGSHIYING,SHUNLIJIANCHENGSHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAQIANGGUO,SHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGDEZHONGGUOMENG。WEIGUANCHELUOSHIDANGZHONGYANG、GUOWUYUANGUANYUJIAKUAIFAZHANYANGLAOFUWUYEDEYIXILIEJUECEBUSHU,GUOJIAZHUFANGHECHENGXIANGJIANSHEBUDENGLIUBUMENYU2020NIAN11YUEFABULE《GUANYUTUIDONGWUYEFUWUQIYEFAZHANJUJIASHEQUYANGLAOFUWUDEYIJIAN》,YICHONGFENFAHUIWUYEFUWUQIYECHANGZHUSHEQU、TIEJINJUMIN、XIANGYINGKUAISUDENGYOUSHI,TUIDONGHEZHICHIWUYEFUWUQIYEJIJITANSUO“WUYEFUWU+YANGLAOFUWU”MOSHI,QIESHIZENGJIAJUJIASHEQUYANGLAOFUWUYOUXIAOGONGGEI,GENGHAOMANZUGUANGDALAONIANRENRIYIDUOYANGHUADUOCENGCIDEYANGLAOFUWUXUQIU,JUJIAOYANGLAOFUWU“NANDIAN”“TONGDIAN”“DUDIAN”,ZHULIPOJIEGAOLING、KONGCHAO、DUJU、SHINENGLAONIANRENSHENGHUOZHAOLIAOHECHANGQIZHAOHUNANTI,CUJINJIATINGXINGFU、LINLIHEMU、SHEQUHEXIE。

  “SHISIWU”SHIQI,WOGUOJIANGLAOLAOBAWORENKOUFAZHANXINGSHIHEYANGLAOFUWUXUQIU,JIANJUEGUANCHELUOSHIGUOJIAJIJIYINGDUIRENKOULAOLINGHUAZHONGCHANGQIGUIHUABUSHU,TUIJINJUJIASHEQUJIGOUXIANGXIEDIAO,CUJINYIYANGKANGYANGXIANGJIEHE,JIANQUANDINGCENGSHEJI,JIFASHIJIANCHUANGXIN,TUIJINJIANCHENGZHONGGUOTESEYANGLAOFUWUTIXI,NULIZOUCHUYITIAOZHONGGUOTESEYINGDUIRENKOULAOLINGHUADAOLU。

  SHANGHAIYANJIUYUANJIANZHIYANJIUYUANCHENXINGUANG

  QUANQIUHUAZHIKU(CCG)TEYAOYANJIUYUAN

  2020NIAN12YUE9RI

 
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